Packaging is the science, art, and technology of enclosing or protecting products for distribution, storage, sale, and use. Packaging also refers to the process of design, evaluation, and production of packages. Packaging can be described as a coordinated system of preparing goods for transport, warehousing, logistics, sale, and end use. Packaging contains, protects, preserves, transports, informs, and sells. In many countries it is fully integrated into government, business, institutional, industrial, and personal use. Package labeling (American English) or labelling (British English) is any written, electronic, or graphic communications on the packaging or on a separate but associated label.
Planning and fashioning the complete form and structure of a product’s package. In creating a new design or revamping an existing design, the following aspects of a product’s package are usually reviewed: size and shape, color, closure, outside appearance, protection and economy, convenience, labeling, and the packaging material’s effects on the environment. The best packaging system is then developed by careful evaluation of product, market competition, and existing product line. Generally speaking, package redesigning is done one element at a time, to preserve the brand loyalty of existing customers. Marketing support specialty embracing the planning, creation, and production of the entire physical presentation of a product’s package. Trained designers specialize in this field, which encompasses the art and science of creating optimal product packages.